Library News Blog

Historical New York Times

The inauguration of a world leader.  A breakthrough medical discovery.  A declaration of war.  The social event of the season. The rock concert of a generation.  A technological wonder.  A death in the family.  The birth of freedom.

For centuries, newspapers have been at the scene capturing not only the facts about momentous occasions, but also the sights and sounds of everyday life. ProQuest Historical Newspapers lets casual explorers and serious researchers alike travel digitally back through centuries to become eyewitnesses to history. -ProQuest Brochure

old newspapersIssues of the New York Times from 1851-2008 are hosted in library’s Historical New York Times database (recent issues can be found in OneSearch).  The Historical New York Times database can be accessed from the library’s Databases by Subject page (Library Home > Databases link > Select “New York Times, Historical”).  Once you are in the database, enter keywords in the search box to locate scanned copies of newspaper articles.

Keep the Memory Alive with Eyes on the Prize

Keep the Memory Alive!  

Produced by Blackside, Eyes on the Prize tells the definitive story of the civil rights era from the point of view of the ordinary men and women whose extraordinary actions launched a movement that changed the fabric of American life, and embodied a struggle whose reverberations continue to be felt today. Winner of numerous Emmy Awards, a George Foster Peabody Award, an International Documentary Award, and a Television Critics Association Award, Eyes on the Prize is the most critically acclaimed documentary on civil rights in America.

Through contemporary interviews and historic footage, the 14-part Eyes on the Prize series traces the civil rights movement from the Montgomery bus boycott to the Voting Rights Act, and from early acts of individual courage through the flowering of a mass movement and its eventual split into factions. Julian Bond, political leader and civil rights activist, narrates.American Experience,

colorful mural of a civil rights march

Delsarte, Louis. (2010). Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Mural [Mural]. City of Atlanta Office of Cultural Affairs, Atlanta. Retrieved from Creative Commons BY-NC-ND.  Image Cropped.

  • Awakenings (1954–1956): Individual acts of courage inspire black Southerners to fight for their rights: Mose Wright testifies against the white men who murdered young Emmett Till, and Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama.
  • Fighting Back (1957–1962): States’ rights loyalists and federal authorities collide in the 1957 battle to integrate Little Rock’s Central High School, and again in James Meredith’s 1962 challenge to segregation at the University of Mississippi. Both times, a Southern governor squares off with a U.S. president, violence erupts — and integration is carried out.
  • Ain’t Scared of Your Jails 1960–1961: Black college students take a leadership role in the civil rights movement as lunch counter sit-ins spread across the South. “Freedom Riders” also try to desegregate interstate buses, but they are brutally attacked as they travel.
  • No Easy Walk 1961–1963: The civil rights movement discovers the power of mass demonstrations as the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. emerges as its most visible leader. Some demonstrations succeed; others fail. But the triumphant March on Washington, D.C., under King’s leadership, shows a mounting national support for civil rights. President John F. Kennedy proposes the Civil Rights Act.
  • Mississippi—Is This America? (1963–1964): Mississippi’s grass-roots civil rights movement becomes an American concern when college students travel south to help register black voters and three activists are murdered. The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party challenges the regular Mississippi delegation at the Democratic Convention in Atlantic City.
  • Bridge to Freedom (1965): A decade of lessons is applied in the climactic and bloody march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama. A major victory is won when the federal Voting Rights Bill passes, but civil rights leaders know they have new challenges ahead.
  • The Time Has Come (1964–1966): After a decade-long cry for justice, a new sound is heard in the civil rights movement: the insistent call for power. Malcolm X takes an eloquent nationalism to urban streets as a younger generation of black leaders listens. In the South, Stokely Carmichael and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) move from “Freedom Now!” to “Black Power!” as the fabric of the traditional movement changes.
  • Two Societies (1965–1968): Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) come north to help Chicago’s civil rights leaders in their nonviolent struggle against segregated housing. Their efforts pit them against Chicago’s powerful mayor, Richard Daley. When a series of marches through all-white neighborhoods draws violence, King and Daley negotiate with mixed results. In Detroit, a police raid in a black neighborhood sparks an urban uprising that lasts five days, leaving 43 people dead. The Kerner Commission finds that America is becoming “two societies, one black, one white, separate and unequal.” President Lyndon Johnson, who appointed the commission, ignores the report.
  • Power! 1967–1968: The call for Black Power takes various forms across communities in black America. In Cleveland, Carl Stokes wins election as the first black mayor of a major American city. The Black Panther Party, armed with law books, breakfast programs, and guns, is born in Oakland. Substandard teaching practices prompt parents to gain educational control of a Brooklyn school district but then lead them to a showdown with New York City’s teachers’ union.
  • Ain’t Gonna Shuffle No More (1964–1972): A call to pride and a renewed push for unity galvanize black America. World heavyweight champion Cassius Clay challenges America to accept him as Muhammad Ali, a minister of Islam who refuses to fight in Vietnam. Students at Howard University in Washington, D.C., fight to bring the growing black consciousness movement and their African heritage inside the walls of this prominent black institution. Black elected officials and community activists organize the National Black Political Convention in Gary, Indiana, in an attempt to create a unified black response to growing repression against the movement.
  • The Promised Land (1967–1968): Martin Luther King stakes out new ground for himself and the rapidly fragmenting civil rights movement. One year before his death, he publicly opposes the war in Vietnam. His Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) embarks on an ambitious Poor People’s Campaign. In the midst of political organizing, King detours to support striking sanitation workers in Memphis, where he is assassinated. King’s death and the failure of his final campaign mark the end of a major stream of the movement.
  • A Nation of Law? (1968-1971): Black activism is increasingly met with a sometimes violent and unethical response from local and federal law enforcement agencies. In Chicago, two Black Panther Party leaders are killed in a pre-dawn raid by police acting on information supplied by an FBI informant. In the wake of President Nixon’s call to “law and order,” stepped-up arrests push the already poor conditions at New York’s Attica State Prison to the limit. A five-day inmate takeover calling the public’s attention to the conditions leaves 43 men dead: four killed by inmates, 39 by police.
  • The Keys to the Kingdom (1974-1980): In the 1970s, antidiscrimination legal rights gained in past decades by the civil rights movement are put to the test. In Boston, some whites violently resist a federal court school desegregation order. Atlanta’s first black mayor, Maynard Jackson, proves that affirmative action can work, but the Bakke Supreme Court case challenges that policy.
  • Back to the Movement (1979-mid 1980s): Power and powerlessness. Miami’s black community — pummeled by urban renewal, a lack of jobs, and police harassment — explodes in rioting. But in Chicago, an unprecedented grassroots movement triumphs. Frustrated by decades of unfulfilled promises made by the city’s Democratic political machine, reformers install Harold Washington as Chicago’s first black mayor.

Nurturing Leadership Video

The Films on Demand collection includes over 44,000 videos, which can be streamed online and added to CampusWeb courses. This month’s featured video is Nurturing Leadership.

Nurturing Leadership

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Are leaders born, or made? This video shows that while certain personality traits may influence leadership abilities, there are also leadership qualities that can be learned and nurtured. Business leaders, politicians, coaches and others share their perceptions of what it takes to be a leader, relating to viewers that observing certain principles and adopting admirable behaviors can help develop leadership attributes. Integrity, honesty, dependability and the belief in an organization’s core values are showcased, along with the elements necessary to create a culture of excellence. A basic definition of leadership as the action of leading a group of people toward a common goal is the preface to the importance of creating a vision of the future—the true mark of a leader. Listening, teamwork, motivation and the ability to engage others in a cause are also presented as leadership qualities. Many modern-day or historical capsules of leadership bring to life the concept of developing the traits to become a leader. -publisher’s description

View More Videos

Films on Demand (all videos)academic successanthropologybusiness & economics ● career & job searchchildcare ●  child & adolescent development ● criminal justiceenvironmental scienceeducation (see also Education in Video) ● health, medicine, and wellnesshistoryleadershipliterature ● parenting & child developmentpolitical sciencepublic healthpsychology & counseling (see also Counseling & Therapy in Video) ● social workspecial education

DOAJ: Free Articles for Life

The development of open-access journals has been one of the most exciting developments in academic scholarship during the last two decades.  Open-access journals are free publications that are available to everyone without hindrance of subscription fees, logins, contracts, or other barriers.  They provide universal access to research and knowledge.

Directory of Open Access Journals Logo

Access to this journal content has been facilitated by the development of open access databases, most notably the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ).  Maintained by the Infrastructure Services for Open Access, the database provides access to over 2 million journal articles from countries throughout the world.  This is a multidisciplinary database with coverage in the arts, biology, business, environmental sciences, medicine, history, literature, mathematics, philosophy, and the social sciences.  All journals are also peer-review or have editorial quality control, making DOAJ an excellent resource high quality, current research.

The Directory of Open Access Journals can be accessed from the databases link on the library homepage.

Chronicle of Higher Education

The Chronicle of Higher Education is the top source for news in post-secondary education. It brings you news stories of concerning faculty, administration and technology as well as academic news from around the global. You also have access to many blogs devoted to different aspects of the university experience (admissions, scholarly publishing or building and grounds) and also to the forums where you can connect with people involved in higher education around the country and around the world.
Chronicle of Higher Education homepage

The UI&U Library provides access to the Chronicle without the additional step of logging on through our proxy server. Simply go to In the upper right hand corner, click log in. (Don’t subscribe! We’ve done that for you!).  Then create a free account using your Union email.  Please contact a librarian if you have questions or need assistance.

Online App for the Chronicle

From the Chronicle, 2013


Immigration? Gun Control? Read both sides.

U.S. opinion is highly polarized on a number of different political and social issues.  These opinions are often based on a person’s individual biases without having been researched thoroughly, or many factors having been taken into consideration.  Critical thinking and civil political discourse, however, demand that we actively explore and consider alternative perspectives.

Whether you are researching a topic out of personal interest, or required to include an opposing perspective in an academic paper, the UI&U Library’s Opposing Viewpoints in Context database can help you find the information necessary to provide a sound basis for the perspective that you are investigating.  The database includes topic pages on a variety of issues such as gun control, abortion, same-sex marriage, capital punishment, nuclear energy, immigration, and more.  Each topic page includes opposing viewpoints, reference materials, historical background information, journal articles, and statistics that you can use to begin your research.

Protest Against “Race Mixing”  and U.S. Marshals Escort Bridges

The Opposing Viewpoints database can be accessed from the UI&U Library’s all databases page (go to: library homepage > databases link > scroll to the Opposing Viewpoints in Context database).


At First Sight: The Shirl Jennings Story

Sight is an amazing gift, and one which most of us learn from infancy, starting after birth when our eyes learn to focus. Through infancy, toddler years, and on into school years, our brains are trained to remember objects by how they look. The blind cannot do this. They use tactile sensations to identify and relate to everything.

When Shirl’s sight was restored, the visual overload was almost devastating. He had no idea what he was looking at and the task of learning it all was emotionally and mentally challenging, as well as a huge physical burden.

Barbara Jennings, Shirl’s wife, was determined that he could adjust to a life with sight and navigated unchartered waters to teach him everything – colors, alphabet, numerals, household objects, types of buildings and structural materials, trees and shurbs, animals, roads, railroads, airplanes, bridges, tunnels…the list was endless. There was always more for Shirl to learn.”- from

Shirl Jennings creating art, courtesy of Barbara Jennings
The story of Barbara Jennings, a graduate of UI&U’s M.A. Psych program, and her late husband Shirl may be familiar to some of you, as their life story was given a glossy Hollywood adaptation in 1999 via the film At First Sight, starring Val Kilmer and Mira Sorvino.  But as with any life story, perhaps the best narrator is the one who has lived it; in this case, Shirl himself, who, alongside Barbara and Margery Phelps, created At First Sight, the Shirl Jennings Story: The story behind the MGM motion picture, which is now available for purchase at
Aside from the book, Barbara has preserved her husband’s inspiring legacy by posting his gorgeous artwork on the At First Sight website.  There is a great deal of beauty in the couple’s story and in the work Shirl created, and we hope that you will take the time to experience it for yourself.
Sun and Rays by Shirl Jennings, courtesy of